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INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES full ebook free Download
Ravi Chopra

INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES full ebook free Download

Ravi Chopra | 24-Feb-2016 |
Introduction , Ideal Engine Cycles , Spark Ignition and Compression Ignition Engines , Two Stroke Engine , Induction and Exhaust , Thermochemistry and Fuels , Combustion , Heat Transfer In IC Engines , Turbocharging , Lubrication , Friction and lubrication , Adiabatic Engine , Chemical and Phase Equilibrium ,

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INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
2
Contents
1 Introduction 7
2 Ideal Engine Cycles 11
2.1 Otto Cycle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
2.2 Diesel Cycle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
2.3 Dual Cycle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
3 Spark Ignition and Compression Ignition Engines 17
3.1 Spark Ignition Engines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
3.2 Compression Ignition Engines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
4 Two Stroke Engine 21
5 Induction and Exhaust 25
5.1 Valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
5.2 Valve Timing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
6 Thermochemistry and Fuels 29
6.1 Combustion Reactions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
6.2 Hydrocarbon Fuels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
6.2.1 Parans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
6.2.2 Olens . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
6.2.3 Others . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
6.3 Octane Number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
6.4 Cetane Number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
7 Combustion 37
7.1 Combustion In SI Engines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
7.1.1 Ignition and Flame Development . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
3
7.1.2 Flame Propagation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
7.1.3 Flame Termination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
7.2 Combustion In CI Engines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
8 Heat Transfer In IC Engines 45
8.1 Engine Temperatures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
8.2 Heat Transfer In Intake System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
8.3 Heat Transfer In Combustion Chamber . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
9 Turbocharging 53
9.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
9.2 Superchargers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
9.2.1 Compressors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
9.3 Turbochargers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
9.3.1 Turbines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
10 Friction and Lubrication 61
10.1 Friction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
10.2 Forces on Piston . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
10.3 Lubrication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
11 Lubrication 67
11.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
11.2 Hydrodynamic Lubrication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
11.3 Hydrostatic Lubrication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
12 Adiabatic Engine 75
12.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
12.2 Adiabatic Diesel Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
12.2.1 Engine Operating Environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
12.2.2 Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
12.2.3 Problems With the Adiabatic Engine . . . . . . . . . . 80
13 Chemical and Phase Equilibrium 81
13.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
13.2 Equilibrium Criteria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
13.3 Gibbs Function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
13.4 Chemical Potential . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
13.5 Chemical Equilibrium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
4
13.5.1 Equation of Reaction Equilibrium . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
13.6 Phase Equilibrium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
13.6.1 Equilibrium Between Two Phases Of A Pure Substance 85

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