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Power System 1 free pdf notes download
Rajan Sharma

Power System 1 free pdf notes download

Rajan Sharma | 29-Feb-2016 |
Power System 1 , Introduction to different sources of energy , Hydro plant , Nuclear Power , Electrical System , Substation & Earthing ,

Hi friends, here Rajan Sharma uploaded notes for Power System with title Power System 1 free pdf notes download. You can download this lecture notes, ebook by clicking on the below file name or icon.

Table of Contents
Syllabus ................................................................................................................................................. 3
List of Tables ........................................................................................................................................ 8
List of Figures ....................................................................................................................................... 9
Module-1 ............................................................................................................................................. 12
Introduction ..................................................................................................................................... 12
Sources of Energy ........................................................................................................................... 12
Installed Capacity in India .............................................................................................................. 13
Choice of size and number of Generating Units ........................................................................... 14
Type of Load ................................................................................................................................... 14
Important Terms .............................................................................................................................. 15
Demand Factor ............................................................................................................................ 15
Group Diversity Factor ............................................................................................................... 15
Peak Diversity Factor.................................................................................................................. 15
Load Factor .................................................................................................................................. 15
Capacity Factor ........................................................................................................................... 15
Utilization Factor ........................................................................................................................ 15
Load Curve: ................................................................................................................................. 15
Load Duration Curve: ................................................................................................................. 16
Energy Load Curve: .................................................................................................................... 16
Mass Curve .................................................................................................................................. 16
Operating Reserves ......................................................................................................................... 19
Tariffs .............................................................................................................................................. 20
Objectives .................................................................................................................................... 20
General Tariff Form .................................................................................................................... 20
Spot Pricing ................................................................................................................................. 21
Availability based Tariff ............................................................................................................. 21
National Grid ................................................................................................................................... 21
Module-2 ............................................................................................................................................. 22
Hydro Power Potential.................................................................................................................... 22
Hydrology 23
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Objectives of Hydrology ............................................................................................................ 23
Various terms related to Hydrology ........................................................................................... 23
Site Selection for Hydropower Plants ........................................................................................... 25
Types of Dams ................................................................................................................................ 26
Classification of Hydropower Plants ............................................................................................ 28
Components of a HPP..................................................................................................................... 29
Hydraulic Turbines ......................................................................................................................... 36
Types of Hydraulic Turbines ...................................................................................................... 36
Specific Speed (Ns) ..................................................................................................................... 41
Runaway Speed ........................................................................................................................... 41
Turbine Setting ............................................................................................................................ 41
Governing of Hydraulic Turbines .............................................................................................. 42
Hydro Power Plant Auxiliaries ...................................................................................................... 43
Hydro Power Plant Layout ............................................................................................................. 44
Numerical Problems on Hydro Power Plants................................................................................ 45
Principle of Operation of Thermal Power Plants .......................................................................... 46
Thermal Power Plant Resource ...................................................................................................... 47
Selection of site for thermal power plant ...................................................................................... 48
Schematic of a Thermal Power Plant............................................................................................. 50
Major Components of a Thermal Power Plant.............................................................................. 51
Coal Handling Plant ........................................................................................................................ 52
Draught System ............................................................................................................................... 55
Boiler ............................................................................................................................................... 57
Fire Tube Boiler .......................................................................................................................... 57
Water Tube boilers ...................................................................................................................... 58
Superheater and Reheaters ............................................................................................................. 59
Feed Water Heaters ......................................................................................................................... 61
Economizer...................................................................................................................................... 62
Air Preheaters .................................................................................................................................. 63
Steam Turbines ............................................................................................................................... 64
Condensers ...................................................................................................................................... 66
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Deaerators ........................................................................................................................................ 68
Cooling Towers and Spray Ponds .................................................................................................. 69
Ash Handling Plant ......................................................................................................................... 71
Electrostatic Precipitators ............................................................................................................... 76
Numerical Problems on Thermal Power Plant .............................................................................. 78
Module-3 ............................................................................................................................................. 79
Nuclear Reactions ........................................................................................................................... 79
Basics ........................................................................................................................................... 79
Energy from Nuclear Reactions ................................................................................................. 79
Nuclear Fission ............................................................................................................................ 80
Nuclear Fusion ............................................................................................................................ 81
Nuclear Power Plant ....................................................................................................................... 82
Nuclear Power Reactors ................................................................................................................. 83
Magnox Reactors ........................................................................................................................ 83
Advanced Gas cooled Reactors .................................................................................................. 84
Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) ............................................................................................. 85
Boiling Water Reactors (BWR) ................................................................................................. 86
Comparison of PWR and BWR ..................................................................................................... 87
Fast Breeder Reactors ..................................................................................................................... 88
Factors for Site Selection of NPPs ................................................................................................. 90
Advantages of NPPs ....................................................................................................................... 90
Disadvantages of NPPs ................................................................................................................... 90
Nuclear Power in India ................................................................................................................... 91
Nuclear Power in World ................................................................................................................. 91
Numerical Problems on Nuclear Power Plant ............................................................................... 92
Types of Alternators ....................................................................................................................... 93
Generator Cooling Arrangements .................................................................................................. 96
Excitation Systems .......................................................................................................................... 98
Function ....................................................................................................................................... 98
Exciter Design ............................................................................................................................. 98
Types of Excitation Systems ...................................................................................................... 98
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DC Excitation System ................................................................................................................. 99
AC Excitation System ............................................................................................................... 101
Static Excitation Systems ......................................................................................................... 102
Automatic Voltage Regulators ..................................................................................................... 102
Functions ................................................................................................................................... 102
Direct acting voltage regulator ................................................................................................. 102
Magnetic Amplifier Regulator ..................................................................................................... 104
Solid State Electronic Regulator .................................................................................................. 106
Power Plant Transformers ............................................................................................................ 107
Pre-commissioning Tests on Alternators .................................................................................... 108
Pre-commissioning Tests on Transformers ................................................................................. 109
Module-4 ........................................................................................................................................... 111
Substations .................................................................................................................................... 111
Classification ............................................................................................................................. 111
Arrangement of Busbars ............................................................................................................... 112
Substation Earthing ....................................................................................................................... 115
Objectives .................................................................................................................................. 115
Equipment Earthing .................................................................................................................. 115
Neutral Earthing ........................................................................................................................ 115
Primary and Secondary Distribution Network ............................................................................ 116
Types of Distribution Feeders ...................................................................................................... 117
Radial System ............................................................................................................................ 117
Parallel or Loop System ........................................................................................................... 118
Voltage Drop and Load Calculation ............................................................................................ 119
Capacitor placement in Distribution network ............................................................................. 119
References ......................................................................................................................................... 120

 

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