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Industrial Ethernet Planning and Installation Guide pde ebook and notes download
Neeraj Yadav

Industrial Ethernet Planning and Installation Guide pde ebook and notes download

Neeraj Yadav | 09-Mar-2016 |
Ethernet Planning and Installation Guide , General , System planning , System installation , Conformance tests , Annex ,

Hi friends, here Neeraj Yadav uploaded notes for Ethernet with title Industrial Ethernet Planning and Installation Guide pde ebook and notes download. You can download this lecture notes, ebook by clicking on the below file name or icon.

Contents
1 General ...............................................................................................................................6
1.1 Scope ...........................................................................................................................................6
1.2 Normative references...................................................................................................................7
1.2.1 International standards ........................................................................................................7
1.2.2 European standards.............................................................................................................9
1.2.3 Other references ..................................................................................................................9
1.3 Definitions.................................................................................................................................. 10
1.3.1 Active equipment ...............................................................................................................10
1.3.2 Equipotential lines..............................................................................................................10
1.3.3 Machine..............................................................................................................................10
1.3.4 Machine attachment cabling ..............................................................................................10
1.3.5 Machine distributor.............................................................................................................10
1.3.6 Machine network................................................................................................................10
1.3.7 Machine network interface .................................................................................................10
1.3.8 Machine outlet....................................................................................................................10
1.3.9 PE conductor .....................................................................................................................11
1.3.10 PEN conductor...................................................................................................................11
1.3.11 Permanent cabling .............................................................................................................11
1.3.12 Flexible cabling ..................................................................................................................11
1.4 Comparison between office and industrial installation.............................................................. 11
1.4.1 Topology ............................................................................................................................11
1.4.2 Components.......................................................................................................................12
2 System planning..............................................................................................................13
2.1 Topology.................................................................................................................................... 13
2.1.1 Conformance with and difference to existing standards....................................................13
2.1.2 Modular topologies.............................................................................................................14
2.1.3 Redundancy links...............................................................................................................16
2.1.4 Machine outlet = connection interface to the generic cabling...........................................17
2.1.5 Link length..........................................................................................................................17
2.1.6 Bus topology ......................................................................................................................18
2.1.7 Ring topology .....................................................................................................................19
2.1.8 Process control example....................................................................................................20
2.2 General requirements ............................................................................................................... 21
2.3 Environment protection classes ................................................................................................ 21
2.4 Selection of passive components ............................................................................................. 21
2.4.1 Cable..................................................................................................................................22
2.4.1.1 Copper cable........................................................................................................ 22
2.4.1.2 Fiber optic cable................................................................................................... 23
2.4.1.2.1 Mechanical requirements 23
2.4.1.2.2 Fiber types 24
2.4.1.2.3 Applications 24
2.4.2 Connectors.........................................................................................................................24
2.4.2.1 General................................................................................................................. 24
2.4.2.2 Copper connectors............................................................................................... 25
2.4.2.3 Fiber optic connectors.......................................................................................... 27
2.4.2.4 Hybrid connectors ................................................................................................ 28
2.5 Selection of active components ................................................................................................ 28
2.5.1 Bandwidth profiles..............................................................................................................28
2.5.1.1 Applications.......................................................................................................... 28
2.5.1.2 Response times ................................................................................................... 28
2.5.2 Links (ISO layer 1) .............................................................................................................28
2.5.2.1 Network expansion for hub based systems ......................................................... 28
2.5.2.2 Link media and link lengths.................................................................................. 29
2.5.3 Segmentation of Ethernet domains (ISO Layer 2).............................................................29
© IAONA IAONA Planning and Installation Guide, Release 4.0 4
2.5.3.1 Ethernet hubs....................................................................................................... 29
2.5.3.2 Ethernet switches................................................................................................. 29
2.5.3.3 Priority switching (IEEE 802.1D).......................................................................... 29
2.5.3.4 VLAN (IEEE 802.1Q) ........................................................................................... 30
2.5.3.5 Real time Ethernet ............................................................................................... 30
2.5.4 Segmentation of IP subnetworks (ISO layer 3)..................................................................30
2.5.4.1 Routers................................................................................................................. 30
2.5.4.2 IP switches ........................................................................................................... 30
2.5.5 Network security (ISO layer 4 and above) .........................................................................30
2.5.6 Network availability ............................................................................................................30
2.5.6.1 Redundant links ................................................................................................... 30
2.5.6.1.1 Port redundancy 30
2.5.6.1.2 Link aggregation 31
2.5.6.1.3 Spanning tree protocol STP 31
2.5.6.1.4 Dual homing 31
2.5.6.1.5 Ring redundancy 31
2.5.6.2 Hardware redundancy.......................................................................................... 31
2.5.7 Management ......................................................................................................................31
2.6 System calculation .................................................................................................................... 33
2.6.1 Electrical cabling ................................................................................................................33
2.6.1.1 Channel requirements.......................................................................................... 33
2.6.1.2 Link requirements................................................................................................. 33
2.6.2 Fiber optic cabling..............................................................................................................33
2.6.2.1 Cable lengths ....................................................................................................... 33
2.6.2.2 Power budget ....................................................................................................... 34
3 System installation ..........................................................................................................35
3.1 Installation of copper cabling..................................................................................................... 35
3.1.1 Electrical connectors..........................................................................................................35
3.1.2 Cabling in light-duty environment – general wiring guidelines...........................................35
3.1.2.1 Wiring external to enclosures............................................................................... 36
3.1.2.2 Wiring inside enclosures ...................................................................................... 36
3.1.2.3 Mechanical stress ................................................................................................ 37
3.1.2.4 Electromagnetic interference ............................................................................... 37
3.1.2.5 Conductor lead-in in switch cabinets ................................................................... 37
3.1.2.6 Conductor lead-in in buildings.............................................................................. 37
3.1.3 Cabling in heavy-duty environment ...................................................................................37
3.1.3.1 Conductor lead-in outside of buildings................................................................. 37
3.1.4 Electromagnetic compatibility ............................................................................................38
3.1.5 Screening...........................................................................................................................38
3.1.5.1 Screening installation guidelines.......................................................................... 38
3.1.5.2 Local requirements............................................................................................... 39
3.1.6 Bonding and earthing.........................................................................................................39
3.1.6.1 Earthing system ................................................................................................... 40
3.1.6.2 Checklist............................................................................................................... 41
3.1.6.3 National requirements .......................................................................................... 42
3.1.6.3.1 Germany 42
3.1.7 Installation in an area with grounded reference potential ..................................................42
3.2 Installation of fiber optic cable................................................................................................... 43
3.2.1 Cabling in light-duty environment – general wiring guidelines...........................................43
3.2.2 Cabling in heavy-duty environment ...................................................................................44
3.2.3 Cabling outdoor..................................................................................................................44
3.2.4 Fiber optic connectors........................................................................................................44
3.3 Cable paths ............................................................................................................................... 44
3.4 Labeling..................................................................................................................................... 45
3.5 Documentation .......................................................................................................................... 45
4 Conformance tests ..........................................................................................................46
4.1 Length of permanent links and channels .................................................................................. 46
4.2 Overview of tests for copper channels...................................................................................... 46
© IAONA IAONA Planning and Installation Guide, Release 4.0 5
4.3 Overview of tests for fiber optic cabling .................................................................................... 46
5 Annex................................................................................................................................47
5.1 Dimensioning the network......................................................................................................... 47
5.1.1 Network expansion ............................................................................................................47
5.2 Specification measurements..................................................................................................... 48
5.2.1 Twisted pair cabling ...........................................................................................................48
5.2.1.1 Overview of tests for copper cabling.................................................................... 48
5.2.1.2 Line map .............................................................................................................. 49
5.2.1.3 DC loop resistance............................................................................................... 50
5.2.1.4 Cable length testing ............................................................................................. 50
5.2.1.5 Attenuation testing ............................................................................................... 52
5.2.1.6 Near-end crosstalk (NEXT) testing ...................................................................... 53
5.2.1.7 Attenuation to crosstalk ratio (ACR)..................................................................... 54
5.2.1.8 ELFEXT................................................................................................................ 55
5.2.1.9 Return loss ........................................................................................................... 55
5.2.1.10 PowerSum measurements................................................................................... 56
5.2.1.11 Delay and skew test ............................................................................................. 57
5.2.1.12 Connecting point issues....................................................................................... 58
5.2.2 Fiber optic cabling..............................................................................................................58
5.2.2.1 Differences between singlemode and multimode fiber ........................................ 58
5.2.2.2 Loss budget.......................................................................................................... 59
5.2.2.3 Fiber optic test tools ............................................................................................. 60
5.2.2.3.1 Basic fault finders 61
5.2.2.3.2 Power loss meters 61
5.2.2.3.3 Add-on fiber kits for copper test equipment 61
5.2.2.3.4 OTDR testers 61
5.2.2.4 Optical power loss measurement procedures...................................................... 62
5.2.2.4.1 Calculating maximum loss budget 62
5.2.2.4.2 Measuring link loss 62
5.2.2.4.3 Why measure both light wavelengths? 63
5.2.2.4.4 Why measure in both directions? 63
5.2.2.4.5 Loss measurement test results documentation 63
5.2.2.4.6 What causes failing loss measurements? 63

 

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