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Introduction to Ergonomics free pdf Notes and Book download
Ravi Chopra

Introduction to Ergonomics free pdf Notes and Book download

Ravi Chopra | 11-Mar-2016 |
Introduction to Ergonomics , Defining Ergonomics , Risk Factors Inherent in the Worker , Risk Factors Inherent in the Task , Risk Factors Inherent in the Environment , Controlling Risk Factors ,

Hi friends, here Ravi Chopra uploaded notes for Ergonomics with title Introduction to Ergonomics free pdf Notes and Book download. You can download this lecture notes, ebook by clicking on the below file name or icon.

Ergonomics Contents
Course Introduction ..................................................................................................................................... 6
What is ergonomics?................................................................................................................................ 6
The Problem ............................................................................................................................................. 6
An Important Strategy to Solve the Problem .......................................................................................... 6
Module 1: Defining Ergonomics ................................................................................................................... 8
Introduction ............................................................................................................................................. 8
Ergonomics Studies the Interaction among Three Risk Factor Areas ............................................ 8
Who is at risk? .......................................................................................................................................... 8
What are Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs)? ........................................................................................ 9
What are work-related MSDs (WMSD)? ................................................................................................ 10
The Interaction of Three Risk Factor Areas ........................................................................................... 10
The Impact of Ergonomics ..................................................................................................................... 10
More interesting ergonomics statistics ................................................................................................. 11
Last Words ............................................................................................................................................. 11
Module 1 Quiz ........................................................................................................................................ 12
Module 2: Risk Factors Inherent in the Worker ........................................................................................ 13
The Musculoskeletal System .................................................................................................................. 13
Age ......................................................................................................................................................... 13
Gender ................................................................................................................................................... 14
Physical Activity...................................................................................................................................... 14
Strength .................................................................................................................................................. 15
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Strength vs. Energy of Work: Which is most important? ...................................................................... 15
Anthropometry ...................................................................................................................................... 16
Module 2 Quiz ........................................................................................................................................ 17
Module 3: Risk Factors Inherent in the Task ............................................................................................. 19
Risk Factors the Task Brings to the Job .................................................................................................. 19
Design to Reduce Risk Factors ............................................................................................................... 19
How much force is required? ............................................................................................................. 19
You are a lever! ...................................................................................................................................... 20
Five Force-Related Conditions that May Increase the Risk of Injury ..................................................... 21
Symptoms of excessive static load .................................................................................................... 21
Segmental Vibration .............................................................................................................................. 22
Vibration ............................................................................................................................................ 22
Whole Body Vibration ........................................................................................................................ 22
Repetition ........................................................................................................................................... 23
High Risk Repetition Rates by Different Body Parts .......................................................................... 23
Duration ................................................................................................................................................. 24
Recovery Time ........................................................................................................................................ 24
Posture ................................................................................................................................................... 25
Velocity/Acceleration ............................................................................................................................. 26
Heavy Dynamic Exertion ........................................................................................................................ 26
Module 3 Quiz ........................................................................................................................................ 27
Module 4: Risk Factors Inherent in the Environment ................................................................................ 30
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Heat Stress ............................................................................................................................................. 30
Cold Stress .............................................................................................................................................. 30
Lighting ................................................................................................................................................... 31
Noise ...................................................................................................................................................... 31
Psychosocial Risk Factors ....................................................................................................................... 32
Last Words ............................................................................................................................................. 33
Module 4 Quiz ........................................................................................................................................ 34
Module 5: Controlling Risk Factors ............................................................................................................ 37
Rid the Job of Risk Factors ..................................................................................................................... 37
Ergonomic Hazard Control Strategies .................................................................................................... 37
Elimination and Substitution ................................................................................................................. 37
Engineering Controls .............................................................................................................................. 38
Workstation Design ................................................................................................................................ 38
Computer Workstations ......................................................................................................................... 39
Workspace Layout .................................................................................................................................. 41
Work Surfaces ........................................................................................................................................ 41
Walking and Standing Surfaces .............................................................................................................. 42
Seating .................................................................................................................................................... 42
Storage ................................................................................................................................................... 42
Work Fixtures and Tools ........................................................................................................................ 42
Work Environment ................................................................................................................................. 43
Administrative Controls ......................................................................................................................... 44
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Common Examples of Administrative Control Strategies ..................................................................... 44
Personal Protective Equipment ............................................................................................................. 45
Interim Measures ................................................................................................................................... 46
Safety System Improvements ................................................................................................................ 46
Last Words ............................................................................................................................................. 47
Module 5 Quiz ........................................................................................................................................ 48

 

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