GupShup Study
 
  
Introduction to Photonics lecture notes and eBook pdf download free
Shubham Goyal

Introduction to Photonics lecture notes and eBook pdf download free

Shubham Goyal | 15-Mar-2016 |
FUNDAMENTALS , Linear Optical Media , Nonlinear Optical Media , Photodetection , Applications of Non-Classical Light , Coupling of Quantum Systems , Radiative Transitions , Few-Level Atomic Systems , Cavity QED ,

Hi friends, here Shubham Goyal uploaded notes for Photonics with title Introduction to Photonics lecture notes and eBook pdf download free. You can download this lecture notes, ebook by clicking on the below file name or icon.

Photonics 

Contents
1 Fundamentals 9
1.1 Classical Electrodynamics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
1.1.1 Maxwell Equations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
1.1.2 Energy and Energy Flux of the Field . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
1.1.3 Frequency Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
1.2 Quantized Electromagnetic Radiation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
1.2.1 Quantum Aspects of Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
1.2.2 Field Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
1.2.3 Field Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
1.2.4 ‘Classical’ States of Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
2 Linear Optical Media 35
2.1 General Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
2.1.1 A Simple Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
2.1.2 Exploiting Homogeneity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
2.1.3 Radiation off a Given Source . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
2.2 Monochromatic Waves of Exponential Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
2.2.1 Basic Equations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
2.2.2 Simple Reflection and Refraction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
2.2.3 Birefringent Media (Crystal Optics) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
2.3 Monochromatic Light Rays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
2.4 Group-Velocity Dispersion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
3 Nonlinear Optical Media 61
3.1 General Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
3.1.1 Functionals of the Electric Field . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
3.1.2 Various Electric Polarization Effect . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
3.1.3 Perturbative Solution of Maxwell’s Equations . . . . . . . . 63
3.2 Classical Nonlinear Optical Effects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
3.2.1 Phase Matching . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
3.2.2 Three-Wave Mixing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
3.2.3 Four-Wave Mixing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
3.3 Quantum Aspects of Three-Wave Mixing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
3.3.1 Quantized Radiation Inside Linear Media . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
5
6 CONTENTS
3.3.2 Nonlinear Perturbation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
3.3.3 Type-II Spontaneous Down Conversion . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
4 Photodetection 83
4.1 Simple Detector Models . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
4.1.1 Single Localized Detectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
4.1.2 Independent Detectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
4.2 Quantum Theory of Coherence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
4.2.1 Correlation Functions in General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
4.2.2 Correlation Functions of Single-Mode States . . . . . . . . . . 88
4.3 Simple Interference Experiments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
4.3.1 Young’s Double-Slit Experiment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
4.3.2 Hanbury-Brown-Twiss Effect . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
5 Applications of Non-Classical Light 99
5.1 Criteria for Non-Classical Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
5.2 The Action of Beam Splitters on Photons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
5.2.1 General Action of Linear Optical Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
5.2.2 Classical Description of Lossless Beam Splitters . . . . . . . . 103
5.2.3 Transformation of Photon Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
5.2.4 Mach-Zehnder Interferometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
5.3 Applications to Quantum Information Processing . . . . . . . . . . . 111
5.3.1 Single-Photon States and Quantum Cryptography . . . . . . . 111
5.3.2 Entangled Pairs of Photons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114
5.3.3 Quantum Teleportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116
6 Coupling of Quantum Systems 127
6.1 Closed Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127
6.1.1 States and Observables in the Heisenberg Picture . . . . . . . 127
6.1.2 Time Evolution and Projective Measurements . . . . . . . . . 130
6.1.3 Time Dependent Perturbation Theory . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132
6.2 Bipartite Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133
6.2.1 Composition of Distinguishable Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . 133
6.2.2 Partial States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134
6.2.3 Composition of Indistinguishable Systems . . . . . . . . . . . 135
6.3 Open Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137
7 Radiative Transitions 139
7.1 Single Atoms in General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139
7.1.1 Naive Interaction Picture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139
7.1.2 Electric Field Representation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142
7.1.3 First Order Perturbation Theory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144
7.2 Photoelectric Detection of Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147
7.2.1 Ionisation of One-Electron Atoms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147
7.2.2 Simple Photodetectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150
CONTENTS 7
8 Few-Level Atomic Systems 153
8.1 The Exterior Electric Field Representation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153
8.2 2-Level Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154
8.2.1 Interpretation of the Bloch Vector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157
8.2.2 Rotating Wave Approximation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158
8.3 3-Level Atoms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161
8.3.1 Population Trapping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161
8.3.2 Electromagnetically Induced Transparency . . . . . . . . . . . 163
8.3.3 Change of Linear Susceptibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165
9 Cavity QED 173
9.1 The Jaynes-Cummings Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 173
9.1.1 Quantized Radiation Field for Selected Modes . . . . . . . . . 173
9.1.2 Interaction of the Two-Level System with the Cavity Field . . 174

 

Photonics lecture notes and eBook pdf download free

    Attachment Lists

    If download doesn't start in application like IDM then press Alt + click on download button to start download
  • Introduction to Photonics.pdf (Size: 1759.09KB) Dowland
Share With Friends :  

No any Comment yet!

Total View : 342