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Distributed Computing Principles, Algorithms, and Systems full pdf eBook download free
Ashish talpade

Distributed Computing Principles, Algorithms, and Systems full pdf eBook download free

Ashish talpade | 28-May-2016 |
Distributed Computing Principles , Algorithms , Systems , Introduction , A model of distributed computations , Logical time , Global state and snapshot recording algorithms , Terminology and basic algorithms , Message ordering and group communication , Termination detection , Reasoning with knowledge , Distributed mutual exclusion algorithms , Deadlock detection in distributed systems , Global predicate detection , Distributed Shared Memory , Checkpointing and rollback recovery , Consensus and agreement algorithms , Failure detectors , Authentication in distributed systems , Self-stabilization , Peer-to-peer computing and overlay graphs ,

Hi friends, here Ashish talpade uploaded notes for Distributed Computing with title Distributed Computing Principles, Algorithms, and Systems full pdf eBook download free. You can download this lecture notes, ebook by clicking on the below file name or icon.

Content:

1 Introduction 1
1.1 Definition 1
1.2 Relation to computer system components 2
1.3 Motivation 3
1.4 Relation to parallel multiprocessor/multicomputer systems 5
1.5 Message-passing systems versus shared memory systems 13
1.6 Primitives for distributed communication 14
1.7 Synchronous versus asynchronous executions 19
1.8 Design issues and challenges 22
1.9 Selection and coverage of topics 33
1.10 Chapter summary 34
1.11 Exercises 35
1.12 Notes on references 36
References 37
2 A model of distributed computations 39
2.1 A distributed program 39
2.2 A model of distributed executions 40
2.3 Models of communication networks 42
2.4 Global state of a distributed system 43
2.5 Cuts of a distributed computation 45
2.6 Past and future cones of an event 46
2.7 Models of process communications 47
2.8 Chapter summary 48
2.9 Exercises 48
2.10 Notes on references 48
References 49
viii Contents
3 Logical time 50
3.1 Introduction 50
3.2 A framework for a system of logical clocks 52
3.3 Scalar time 53
3.4 Vector time 55
3.5 Efficient implementations of vector clocks 59
3.6 Jard–Jourdan’s adaptive technique 65
3.7 Matrix time 68
3.8 Virtual time 69
3.9 Physical clock synchronization: NTP 78
3.10 Chapter summary 81
3.11 Exercises 84
3.12 Notes on references 84
References 84
4 Global state and snapshot recording algorithms 87
4.1 Introduction 87
4.2 System model and definitions 90
4.3 Snapshot algorithms for FIFO channels 93
4.4 Variations of the Chandy–Lamport algorithm 97
4.5 Snapshot algorithms for non-FIFO channels 101
4.6 Snapshots in a causal delivery system 106
4.7 Monitoring global state 109
4.8 Necessary and sufficient conditions for consistent global
snapshots 110
4.9 Finding consistent global snapshots in a distributed
computation 114
4.10 Chapter summary 121
4.11 Exercises 122
4.12 Notes on references 122
References 123
5 Terminology and basic algorithms 126
5.1 Topology abstraction and overlays 126
5.2 Classifications and basic concepts 128
5.3 Complexity measures and metrics 135
5.4 Program structure 137
5.5 Elementary graph algorithms 138
5.6 Synchronizers 163
5.7 Maximal independent set (MIS) 169
5.8 Connected dominating set 171
5.9 Compact routing tables 172
5.10 Leader election 174
ix Contents
5.11 Challenges in designing distributed graph algorithms 175
5.12 Object replication problems 176
5.13 Chapter summary 182
5.14 Exercises 183
5.15 Notes on references 185
References 186
6 Message ordering and group communication 189
6.1 Message ordering paradigms 190
6.2 Asynchronous execution with synchronous communication 195
6.3 Synchronous program order on an asynchronous system 200
6.4 Group communication 205
6.5 Causal order (CO) 206
6.6 Total order 215
6.7 A nomenclature for multicast 220
6.8 Propagation trees for multicast 221
6.9 Classification of application-level multicast algorithms 225
6.10 Semantics of fault-tolerant group communication 228
6.11 Distributed multicast algorithms at the network layer 230
6.12 Chapter summary 236
6.13 Exercises 236
6.14 Notes on references 238
References 239
7 Termination detection 241
7.1 Introduction 241
7.2 System model of a distributed computation 242
7.3 Termination detection using distributed snapshots 243
7.4 Termination detection by weight throwing 245
7.5 A spanning-tree-based termination detection algorithm 247
7.6 Message-optimal termination detection 253
7.7 Termination detection in a very general distributed computing
model 257
7.8 Termination detection in the atomic computation model 263
7.9 Termination detection in a faulty distributed system 272
7.10 Chapter summary 279
7.11 Exercises 279
7.12 Notes on references 280
References 280
8 Reasoning with knowledge 282
8.1 The muddy children puzzle 282
8.2 Logic of knowledge 283
x Contents
8.3 Knowledge in synchronous systems 289
8.4 Knowledge in asynchronous systems 290
8.5 Knowledge transfer 298
8.6 Knowledge and clocks 300
8.7 Chapter summary 301
8.8 Exercises 302
8.9 Notes on references 303
References 303
9 Distributed mutual exclusion algorithms 305
9.1 Introduction 305
9.2 Preliminaries 306
9.3 Lamport’s algorithm 309
9.4 Ricart–Agrawala algorithm 312
9.5 Singhal’s dynamic information-structure algorithm 315
9.6 Lodha and Kshemkalyani’s fair mutual exclusion algorithm 321
9.7 Quorum-based mutual exclusion algorithms 327
9.8 Maekawa’s algorithm 328
9.9 Agarwal–El Abbadi quorum-based algorithm 331
9.10 Token-based algorithms 336
9.11 Suzuki–Kasami’s broadcast algorithm 336
9.12 Raymond’s tree-based algorithm 339
9.13 Chapter summary 348
9.14 Exercises 348
9.15 Notes on references 349
References 350
10 Deadlock detection in distributed systems 352
10.1 Introduction 352
10.2 System model 352
10.3 Preliminaries 353
10.4 Models of deadlocks 355
10.5 Knapp’s classification of distributed deadlock detection
algorithms 358
10.6 Mitchell and Merritt’s algorithm for the singleresource
model 360
10.7 Chandy–Misra–Haas algorithm for the AND model 362
10.8 Chandy–Misra–Haas algorithm for the OR model 364
10.9 Kshemkalyani–Singhal algorithm for the P-out-of-Q model 365
10.10 Chapter summary 374
10.11 Exercises 375
10.12 Notes on references 375
References 376
xi Contents
11 Global predicate detection 379
11.1 Stable and unstable predicates 379
11.2 Modalities on predicates 382
11.3 Centralized algorithm for relational predicates 384
11.4 Conjunctive predicates 388
11.5 Distributed algorithms for conjunctive predicates 395
11.6 Further classification of predicates 404
11.7 Chapter summary 405
11.8 Exercises 406
11.9 Notes on references 407
References 408
12 Distributed shared memory 410
12.1 Abstraction and advantages 410
12.2 Memory consistency models 413
12.3 Shared memory mutual exclusion 427
12.4 Wait-freedom 434
12.5 Register hierarchy and wait-free simulations 434
12.6 Wait-free atomic snapshots of shared objects 447
12.7 Chapter summary 451
12.8 Exercises 452
12.9 Notes on references 453
References 454
13 Checkpointing and rollback recovery 456
13.1 Introduction 456
13.2 Background and definitions 457
13.3 Issues in failure recovery 462
13.4 Checkpoint-based recovery 464
13.5 Log-based rollback recovery 470
13.6 Koo–Toueg coordinated checkpointing algorithm 476
13.7 Juang–Venkatesan algorithm for asynchronous checkpointing
and recovery 478
13.8 Manivannan–Singhal quasi-synchronous checkpointing
algorithm 483
13.9 Peterson–Kearns algorithm based on vector time 492
13.10 Helary–Mostefaoui–Netzer–Raynal communication-induced
protocol 499
13.11 Chapter summary 505
13.12 Exercises 506
13.13 Notes on references 506
References 507
xii Contents
14 Consensus and agreement algorithms 510
14.1 Problem definition 510
14.2 Overview of results 514
14.3 Agreement in a failure-free system (synchronous or
asynchronous) 515
14.4 Agreement in (message-passing) synchronous systems with
failures 516
14.5 Agreement in asynchronous message-passing systems with
failures 529
14.6 Wait-free shared memory consensus in asynchronous systems 544
14.7 Chapter summary 562
14.8 Exercises 563
14.9 Notes on references 564
References 565
15 Failure detectors 567
15.1 Introduction 567
15.2 Unreliable failure detectors 568
15.3 The consensus problem 577
15.4 Atomic broadcast 583
15.5 A solution to atomic broadcast 584
15.6 The weakest failure detectors to solve fundamental agreement
problems 585
15.7 An implementation of a failure detector 589
15.8 An adaptive failure detection protocol 591
15.9 Exercises 596
15.10 Notes on references 596
References 596
16 Authentication in distributed systems 598
16.1 Introduction 598
16.2 Background and definitions 599
16.3 Protocols based on symmetric cryptosystems 602
16.4 Protocols based on asymmetric cryptosystems 615
16.5 Password-based authentication 622
16.6 Authentication protocol failures 625
16.7 Chapter summary 626
16.8 Exercises 627
16.9 Notes on references 627
References 628
17 Self-stabilization 631
17.1 Introduction 631
17.2 System model 632
xiii Contents
17.3 Definition of self-stabilization 634
17.4 Issues in the design of self-stabilization algorithms 636
17.5 Methodologies for designing self-stabilizing systems 647
17.6 Communication protocols 649
17.7 Self-stabilizing distributed spanning trees 650
17.8 Self-stabilizing algorithms for spanning-tree construction 652
17.9 An anonymous self-stabilizing algorithm for 1-maximal
independent set in trees 657
17.10 A probabilistic self-stabilizing leader election algorithm 660
17.11 The role of compilers in self-stabilization 662
17.12 Self-stabilization as a solution to fault tolerance 665
17.13 Factors preventing self-stabilization 667
17.14 Limitations of self-stabilization 668
17.15 Chapter summary 670
17.16 Exercises 670
17.17 Notes on references 671
References 671
18 Peer-to-peer computing and overlay graphs 677
18.1 Introduction 677
18.2 Data indexing and overlays 679
18.3 Unstructured overlays 681
18.4 Chord distributed hash table 688
18.5 Content addressible networks (CAN) 695
18.6 Tapestry 701
18.7 Some other challenges in P2P system design 708
18.8 Tradeoffs between table storage and route lengths 710
18.9 Graph structures of complex networks 712
18.10 Internet graphs 714
18.11 Generalized random graph networks 720
18.12 Small-world networks 720
18.13 Scale-free networks 721
18.14 Evolving networks 723
18.15 Chapter summary 727
18.16 Exercises 727
18.17 Notes on references 728

 

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