Q 1. What do you mean by values or human values?
What is value education? Why there is a need of value education?
How does value education helps in fulfilling one's aspirations?
ANS. Character oriented education that instils basic values and ethnic values in one’s psyche is called
‘Value Based Education’. The subject that enables us to understand ‘what is valuable’ for human happiness
is called value education. Value education is important to help everyone in improving the value system that
he/she holds and puts it to use. Once, one has understood his/ her values in life he/she can examine and
control the various choices he/she makes in his/ her life. Value education enables us to understand our needs
and visualize our goals correctly and also helps to remove our confusions and contradictions and bring
harmony at all levels. It also helps remove our confusions and contradictions and enables us to rightly utilize
the technological innovations.
Values form the basis for all our thoughts, behaviours and actions. Once we know what is valuable to
us, these values becomes the basis, the anchor for our actions. We also need to understand the universality of
various human values, because only then we can have a definite and common program for value education.
Then only we can be assured of a happy and harmonious human society.
Q 2. Explain the process of value education.
ANS. The process for value education has to be that of self-exploration, which includes two things:
verification at the level of natural acceptance and experiential validation in living. Self exploration is the
process to find out what is valuable to me by investigating within myself, what is right for me, true for me,
has to be judged within myself. Through self exploration we get the value of ourself. Various aspects of
reality facilitating the understanding of human values will be presented as proposals. We need to verify
these proposals for our self and examine our living in this light.
Q 3. What are the basic guidelines for value education? (UPTU 2011 – 12)
ANS. The subject that enables us to understand ‘what is valuable’ for human happiness is called value
education. In order to qualify for any course on value education, the following guidelines for the content of
the course are important:
• Universal: It needs to be applicable to all the human beings irrespective of cast, creed, nationalities,
religion, etc., for all times and regions.
• Rational: It has to appeal to human reasoning. It has to be amenable to reasoning and not based on
dogmas or blind beliefs.
• Natural and verifiable: It has to be naturally acceptable to the human being who goes through the
course and when we live on the basis of such values it leads to our happiness. It needs to be experientially
verifiable, and not based on dogmas, beliefs or assumptions.
• All encompassing: Value education is aimed at transforming our consciousness and living. Hence, it
needs to cover all the dimensions (thought, behaviour, work and realization) and levels (individual,
family, society, nature and existence) of human life and profession.
• Leading to harmony: The value education ultimately is targeted to promote harmony within the
individual, among human beings and with nature......................................