BASIC STRUCTURE OF COMPUTERS , BASIC PROCESSING UNIT , Pipelining , MEMORY SYSTEM , ORGANIZATION , BASIC STRUCTURE OF COMPUTERS , BASIC PROCESSING UNIT , Pipelining , MEMORY SYSTEM , ORGANIZATION ,
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UNIT I BASIC STRUCTURE OF COMPUTERS 9
Functional units – Basic operational concepts – Bus structures – Performance and metrics
– Instructions and instruction sequencing – Hardware – Software interface – Instruction
set architecture – Addressing modes – RISC – CISC – ALU design – Fixed point and
floating point operations.
UNIT II BASIC PROCESSING UNIT 9
Fundamental concepts – Execution of a complete instruction – Multiple bus organization
– Hardwired control – Micro programmed control – Nano programming.
UNIT III PIPELINING 9
Basic concepts – Data hazards – Instruction hazards – Influence on instruction sets – Data
path and control considerations – Performance considerations – Exception handling.
UNIT IV MEMORY SYSTEM 9
Basic concepts – Semiconductor RAM – ROM – Speed – Size and cost – Cache
memories – Improving cache performance – Virtual memory – Memory management
requirements – Associative memories – Secondary storage devices.
UNIT V I/O ORGANIZATION 9
Accessing I/O devices – Programmed I/O – Interrupts – Direct memory access – Buses –
Interface Circuits – Standard I/O interfaces (PCI, SCSI, and USB) – I/O Devices and
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