UNIT I WATER TECHNOLOGY
Water – Types – Alkalinity – types of alkalinity and determination – hardness – types –CaCO3 equivalents – Estimation by EDTA method (problems) – Boiler feed water –requirements – Disadvantages of using hard water in boiler – Internal conditioning(Phosphate, Carbon and Carbonate) – External conditioning – Zeolite process –Demineralization process – Desalination – Reverse Osmosis (Chlorination, UV treatment, ozonation).
UNIT II POLYMERS AND COMPOSITES
Polymers – Types – Polymerization – Addition and condensation polymerization – Free radical polymerization mechanism – Plastics – classificationpreparation, properties and uses of PVC, Teflon, Polyurethane, Nylon 6:6, PET, Bakelite, and Epoxy resin – Compounding of Plastics- Compression moulding – Injection moulding – Composites – definition – types of Polymer matrix composites – FRP only.
UNIT III SURFACE CHEMISTRY
Adsorption – Types – Adsorption of gases on solids – Adsorption isotherms – Freundlich and Langmuir isotherms – Adsorption of solids from solution – Role of adsorption in catalysis - Ion exchange adsorption – Pollution abatement.
UNIT IV NON CONVENTIONAL ENERGY SOURCES AND
STORAGE DEVICES Nuclear energy – fission and fusion reactions – Light water nuclear reactor for power generation (Block diagram only) – Breeder reactor – Solar energy conversion – Solar cells – Wind energy – Fuel cells – Hydrogen – Oxygen fuel cell – Batteries – Alkaline batteries – Lead acid storage battery – Nickel – Cadmium and Lithium batteries.
UNIT V ENGINEERING MATERIALS
Refractories – Classification-( acidic, basic and neutral) – Properties (refractoriness, refractoriness under load, porosity, dimensional stability, thermal spalling) – manufacture of alumina, magnesite and Zirconia bricks – Abrasives – Natural abrasives – (Quartz, corundum, emery, garnet, diamond) – Artificial abrasives (silicon carbide, boron carbide) – Lubricants- Mechanism of lubrication – Liquid lubricants – Properties (Viscosity, viscosity index, flash and fire points, cloud and pour points, oilness , aniline number) – solid lubricants (graphite & molybdenum disulphide).