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Basic Human Values in the Workplace notes pdf and ebook
Ashish talpade

Basic Human Values in the Workplace notes pdf and ebook

Ashish talpade | 06-Feb-2016 |
BASIC HUMAN VALUES , AIMS OF THE STUDY , METHODS , SCHWARTZ’S VALUE STRUCTURE AMONG WESTERN MANUAL WORKERS , VALUE PRIORITIES , VALUES AND OCCUPATIONAL ENVIRONMENTS , VALUES AND ATTITUDES TOWARDS ORGANISATIONAL CHANGE , VALUES AND KNOWLEDGE SHARING , GENERAL DISCUSSION ,

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INTRODUCTION..............................................................1
1 BASIC HUMAN VALUES ............................................4
1.1. The basics of values........................................................... 4
1.1.1. Defining values ......................................................... 4
1.1.2. Values in the cognitive-affective belief system......... 6
1.2. Origin of values ................................................................. 7
1.2.1. Personality................................................................. 8
1.2.2. Socialisation .............................................................. 9
1.2.3. Culture..................................................................... 10
1.3. Value theories .................................................................. 11
1.3.1. Rokeach’s theory..................................................... 11
1.3.2. Hofstede’s cultural dimensions ............................... 14
1.3.3. Schwartz’s and Bilsky’s early research................... 15
1.3.3. Schwartz’s value theory .......................................... 16
1.3.3.1. Value content.................................................. 17
1.3.3.2. Cultural values................................................ 21
1.3.3.3. Value structure................................................ 22
1.3.3.4. Empirical support ........................................... 24
1.3.3.5. The validity of the theory in low education groups
..................................................................................... 26
1.4. Consequences of values ................................................... 28
1.4.1. Values prime attitudes............................................. 28
1.4.2. Values guide behaviour........................................... 29
1.4.2.1. Empirical studies of values and organisational
behaviour ..................................................................... 31
1.4.3. Values, social norms, and behaviour....................... 34
2 AIMS OF THE STUDY ............................................... 36
2.1. Schwartz’s value structure among western manual workers36
2.2. Value priorities in the study organisation ........................ 37
2.2.1. Values and age ........................................................ 38
2.2.2. Values and education .............................................. 40
2.2.3. Values and gender................................................... 41
2.2.4. Values and geographical location in Finland .......... 42
2.3 Values in occupational environments ............................... 43
2.4. Values and attitudes towards organisational change ....... 45
2.5. Values and knowledge sharing ........................................ 48
2.5.1. Values and knowledge sharing in the workplace .... 48
2.5.2. Values and employees’ perception of knowledge sharing
in the workplace................................................................ 51
3 METHODS ................................................................... 53
3.1 The case study: a Finnish steel company.......................... 53
3.2 Surveys ............................................................................. 54
3.2.1 The Portrait Value Questionnaire............................. 54
3.2.2 Construction of a survey of attitudes towards
organisational change........................................................ 55
3.2.3 The knowledge-sharing survey ................................ 59
3.3. Participants ...................................................................... 60
3.4. Analysis ........................................................................... 62
3.4.1. Structure of values .................................................. 62
3.4.2. Value priorities........................................................ 64
3.4.3. Occupational environments..................................... 64
3.4.4. Values and attitudes towards organisational change66
3.4.5. Values and knowledge sharing................................ 66
4 SCHWARTZ’S VALUE STRUCTURE AMONG
WESTERN MANUAL WORKERS................................ 68
4.1. Results ............................................................................. 68
4.2. Discussion........................................................................ 74
5 VALUE PRIORITIES .................................................. 76
5.1. The study organisation..................................................... 76
5.2. Age, gender, education, and geographical location ......... 76
5.3. Discussion........................................................................ 80
6 VALUES AND OCCUPATIONAL ENVIRONMENTS84
6.1. Results ............................................................................. 84
6.2. Discussion........................................................................ 86
7 VALUES AND ATTITUDES TOWARDS
ORGANISATIONAL CHANGE.....................................88
7.1. Results ............................................................................. 88
7.2. Discussion........................................................................ 96
8 VALUES AND KNOWLEDGE SHARING................99
8.1. Values and knowledge sharing in the workplace........... 100
8.2. Values and perceptions of knowledge sharing............... 104
8.3. Discussion...................................................................... 107
9 GENERAL DISCUSSION..........................................110
9.1. Schwartz’s value model among western manual workers
studied with the PVQ............................................................ 110
9.2. Demographics predict values better than occupations ... 112
9.3. Self-transcendence and -enhancement predicted attitudes
towards organisational change and knowledge sharing ........ 113
9.4. Conformity moderated the relations between values and
attitudes towards organisational change and perceptions of
knowledge sharing ................................................................ 115
9.5. Personal values in organisations: practical implications 117
9.6. Methodological considerations ...................................... 121

 

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