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FLUID MECHANICS NOTES download
Ashish talpade

FLUID MECHANICS NOTES download

Ashish talpade | 10-Feb-2016 |
Introduction , Fluid Statics , Balance Equations , The First Law of Thermodynamics , Bernoulli Equation , Fluid Friction in Steady One-Dimensional Flow , Momentum Balance ,

Hi friends, here Ashish talpade uploaded notes for Fluid Mechanics with title FLUID MECHANICS NOTES download. You can download this lecture notes, ebook by clicking on the below file name or icon.

1 Introduction 3
1.1 Review . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
1.1.1 Density . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
1.1.2 Specific Gravity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
1.1.3 Specific Weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
1.2 Newtonian Fluids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
1.3 Non-Newtonian Fluids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
1.3.1 Power Law Fluids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
1.3.2 Bingham Plastic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
1.3.3 Herschel-Bulkley Fluids . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
1.3.4 Dilatant Fluids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
1.3.5 Time Dependent Fluids . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
1.4 Kinematic Viscosity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
1.5 Surface Tension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
1.6 Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
2 Fluid Statics 11
2.1 Basic Equation of Fluid Statics . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
2.2 Pressure - Depth Relationships . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
2.2.1 Constant Density Fluids . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
2.2.2 Variable Density Fluids . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
2.3 Pressure Forces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
2.4 Buoyancy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
2.5 Pressure Measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
2.5.1 Manometers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
2.5.2 Bourdon Tube . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
2.5.3 Pressure Transducers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
2.6 Accelerated Rigid-Body Motion . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
3 Balance Equations 23
3.0.1 Equation of Continuity . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
3.1 Control Volume . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
3.2 Fluid Velocity in a Confined Region . . . . . . . . . . 26
3.2.1 Flow Regimes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
3.2.2 Plug or Creeping Flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
3.2.3 Laminar Flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
3.2.4 Turbulent Flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
3.3 Unsteady-State Mass Balances . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
3.4 Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
4 The First Law of Thermodynamics 33
4.1 Energy Transfer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
4.2 Energy Balance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
4.2.1 Sign Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
4.2.2 Potential Energy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
4.2.3 Kinetic Energy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
4.3 Internal Energy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
4.4 Work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
4.5 Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
5 Bernoulli Equation 39
5.1 Applying the Bernoulli Equation . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
5.2 Bernoulli Equation With Friction . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
5.3 Gas Flows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
5.4 Non-Flow Work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
5.5 Flow Measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
5.5.1 Pitot Tube . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
5.5.2 Static Pitot Tube . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
5.5.3 Venturi Meter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
5.5.4 Orifice Meter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
5.5.5 Rotameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
5.6 Unsteady Flows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
5.7 Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
6 Fluid Friction in Steady One-Dimensional Flow 57
7 Momentum Balance 59
7.1 Newton’s Laws . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
7.2 Control Volumes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
7.3 Forces on a Control Volume . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
7.4 Steady Flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
7.5 Rotational Motion and Angular Momentum . . . . . . 69
7.5.1 Review . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69

 

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